The Bribery Act 2010 updated former outdated legislation. The Act defines bribery and sets out various offences under the Act:
Bribing foreign public officials
Failing to prevent bribery
Making facilitation payments
The Act defines Bribery as an act committed when a person gives or promises a financial, or other advantage, to another person in exchange for something else.
Despite the Act having been implemented over a decade ago, some still struggle to understand the full impact of the Act upon business activities such as:
The UK’s Bribery Act 2010 impacts firms, their employees, agents and anyone working on behalf of a firm
The Act has global reach. It applies to UK nationals, residents, companies (& partnerships) operating in the UK, regardless of where they were incorporated
The Bribery Act 2010 created a new offence which can be committed by businesses. Namely, the failure to prevent associated person from committing bribery on their behalf. To comply, firms need to have adequate procedures in place.
Compliance teams should focus attention on ensuring that:
senior management maintain their understanding and awareness of the risks posed by bribery and corruption issues
regular reviews and assessments completed of bribery & corruption risks to the business
policies and procedures are maintained and implemented (including staff recruitment, vetting and remuneration) that cover bribery and corruption risks
regular training and awareness programmes are provided to employees with adequate understanding of the risks associated with bribery and corruption
implement adequate and risk-sensitive controls to mitigate the risks posed by third parties acting on behalf of the firm
There are 6 factors that help to embed anti-bribery & corruption policy within a firm.
Appropriate policy and procedures
Senior management commitment
These blocks help to embed the correct culture within firms and provide an environment where people follow the process because they understand the risks posed to the business and themselves.
Firms can face an unlimited fine with individuals facing a maximum of 10 years’ imprisonment and/or an unlimited fine.
Why is it crucial that boards understand the UK Bribery Act?
Cases of bribery prosecuted in the UK may be limited in number and significance; however, the UK legislation is far-reaching. The most serious international corruption cases involve complex and often time consuming investigation. Such cases see the UK’s National Crime Agency (NCA) collaborating with international bodies to combat bribery.
It’s worth noting that experience points to bribes being disguised as fees (consulting or advice), hospitality, sponsorship or charitable donations. This reinforces the need to raise awareness of the risk and encourage employees to speak up when something doesn’t feel right. Having the right processes coupled with appropriate awareness training helps prevent bribery.
The FCA’s thematic review published in 2013 indicated that whilst firms had implemented policies and procedures, some lacked:
the evidence to support and demonstrate the steps taken to prevent bribery
effective oversight by senior management regarding the risks posed
consistent (or absent) controls to assess, classify and record risks posed
appropriate action or monitoring of identified risks
The above demonstrates that firms need more than a written policy. It’s about the ability to demonstrate that a firm has taken steps to prevent bribery.
Tracking gifts and hospitality via spreadsheet may be fine for small firms, but as your firm grows maintenance and trend analysis become a challenge. Staff need to be trained to raise awareness, but they also need to understand the risk and repercussions for themselves and the business. It’s important that training doesn’t become a box ticking exercise, but one where the firm’s policy is embedded in everything that the firm does.
Management teams need to understand what risks are posed by acts of bribery and assurance that their controls are effective. This requires joined up thinking across a firm and any inter-group relationships. It also requires accurate management information and timely escalation of issues.
How can Ruleguard help?
Ruleguard is an industry-leading software platform designed to help regulated firms manage the burden of evidencing and monitoring compliance. It has a range of tools to help firms fulfil their obligations across the UK, Europe and APAC regions.
Ruleguard has the potential to revolutionise what your firm understands by compliance monitoring and deliver best-in-class governance, oversight and management of compliance risk. https://www.ruleguard.com/platform
Evidence and approvals are gathered in real time, with responsible individuals signing off attestations within a framework designed for your firm. Documentation reviews and updates are managed automatically. Key compliance workflows can be designed directly within the solution, ensuring that MI outputs are available which directly provide stakeholders with an up-to-the minute overview of compliance results.
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Head of Client Regulation| Ruleguard